Very few traces remain of Angélique Chevalier’s life. History books cite three Angélique Chevaliers who, at different times between the late 1600s and the late 1800s, printed a variety of short publications in Reims, just outside Paris. It was believed, as is often the case in traditional families, that the name Angélique had been passed through generations or was, more simply, a nom de plume. This led to the suspicion that at least one of the three may have been a lady in the court of the French king, an aspiring swordswoman, a lady-in-waiting, the personal spy of queen Anne of Austria and also of cardinal Richelieu. All excellent reasons, we think, for hiding one’s identity.